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The Prusa i3 (iteration 3) is the newest and most current 3D Printer design by RepRap Core Developer Prusajr. The i3 incorporates lessons learned from the previous two Prusa designs, as well as other popular modern RepRap designs. See also Prusa Mendel (iteration 2).
| Derivates |
The Prusa i3 is a very popular design, which led to many people creating derivates. We list these derivates in Category: Prusa i3 Derivate. Also check the Prusa i3 Variants page, as well as the Prusa i3 Development page
- 1 Specifications
- 2 Main improvements
- 3 Development
- 4 History
- 5 Variants
- 6 Printed Parts
- 7 Frame type
- 8 Electronics
- 9 Filament Holder
- 10 Videos
|'||Single Sheet Frame||Box Frame|
|Plastic Parts (exc. Extruder)||26||29|
|Non Printed Parts approx.||337||293|
|Controller Electronics||Almost all RepRap||Almost all RepRap|
|Printing Size||200 x 200 x 200||200 x 200 x 270|
|Motors||5 x NEMA 17 Stepper||5 x NEMA 17 Stepper|
|Frame Material||6mm Aluminium, Wood||12mm Wood|
|Frame Manufacture||Laser Cutter, CNC, Water Jet||Basic Woodwork Tools|
|Pro||Easy assembly||Rigid XZ to Y Connection|
|Con||Specialised Tools||Looks less professional?|
The following is a list of the main improvements made upon the Prusa Mendel Iteration 2
- Enhanced frame rigidity (prevents x-axis backlash)
- Easy assembly
- Parametric files for multiple sizes/bearings or bushings
The development of the Prusa Mendel is hosted on github: https://github.com/josefprusa/Prusa3.
Prusa i2: November 2011 .
Prusa i3: First commit in GitHub repository in May 2012 
Commit on September 3 2012 by Josef Prusa is labeled: Final Refactoring Complete .
There were many commits the following months, evidencing the continuous development process.
The rate of commits dropped rapidly after August 2013.
However, that is not the end of the Prusa i3 development. See the Prusa i3 Development page here.
In January 2014 Prusa moved the original development to vanilla repository on Github.
In May 2015 official kit became available from Prusa.
The release of the Prusa i3 under the GPL license and numerous other factors (its low cost, minimal BOM, simple assembly and calibration procedures, more than adequate documentation, etc) have encouraged the further development of a growing number of Prusa i3 "variants" worldwide, with different parts, different materials and different assembly processes, but which altogether adhere to the general looks, component assembly, dimensions and functionality of the original Prusa i3.
See the page Prusa_i3_Variants for an attempt to list the Prusa i3 Open Source variants along with their differences / improvements and "genetic lineage". Also check out the Category: Prusa i3 Derivate page which lists using the wiki tagging feature.
The STL files to make the printer can be found at Clone_wars:_Prusa_iteración_3. and here zipped up: File:Clonewars.zip Please note that the zipped files are not compatible with holes for the Z axis brackets in the Prusa3ALU-*.dxf drawings, at least the ones in the old/ folder in github. Also, the models for Y-axis brackets are for M8 rods. Compiling your own and investigating the Prusa github packages is highly recommended!
RP every .scad in this directory (except complete-printer) once. Aim for 0.3mm layers and 2.2 extrusion width (width over thickness), for 0.66mm stroke width. Printer is tested at this setting.
Using doc/complete-printer.scad as a visual clue and doc/manual.txt as a guide, build the printer.
Most major Prusa i3 Frame Styles fall into two categories: the Single Sheet Frame, and the Box Style Frame. The Single Sheet Frame is designed to be manufactured through the use of a Laser cutter, WaterJet, or CNC Mill / Router Table. There are two current development tracks within the Single Sheet Frame, an Aluminium frame style, and a gusseted Wood frame style. Both are designed to support 6mm or thicker framing material. Both the EiNSTeiN variant and the i3 Rework designs use single sheet aluminum frames, as do most kits. The Box Style Frame, on the other hand, is designed to be easily manufactured at home with basic woodworking tools. The Y-axis for both frame styles is similar to that of the older Prusa Mendel Iteration 2.
Single Sheet Frame
This is a frame created from flat metal sheet, typically Aluminium, but can also be made from other material with a thickness usually between 3mm (0.125 inch) and 6mm (0.25 inch).
- Looks professional (subjective)
- Requires specialized tools (e.g. abrasive water jet cutter, laser cutter, CNC router) or contracting out of cutting.
- Less rigid connection between XZ-frame and Y-frame part, however this can be somewhat rectified by the TwelvePro variant, which provides additional frame support.
Wood Sheet frame
This is a version of the sheet frame that is designed to be laser cut out of wood or plastic (eg. acrylic) if you don't have access to a waterjet cutter. The only difference is that this version has support gussets on the back side of the vertical frame (the side that doesn't have the z threaded rods).
Construction is the same.
Laser cutting files can be found at github.com/sgraber/Prusa3_LC.
- Looks professional (subjective)
- Requires specialized tools (e.g.laser cutter)
- Less rigid connection between XZ-frame and Y-frame part (Connects in the same way as the alu sheet frame)
Box Style Frame
This frame is created from 8 small sheets of wood.
- Can be created with standard DIY tools
- More rigid connection between XZ-frame and Y-frame part
- Looks less professional (subjective)
Alternate Box frame
This is a version of the boxed frame that uses only 5 parts instead of 8. It requires a little more work when cutting out the parts but less work to assemble.
Blueprints for the box can be found Here
The Prusa i3 uses, including the extruder, 5 NEMA17 stepper motors. Two of these motors, the Z axis motors, are connected to the same stepper driver of the electronics. If using Wade's Extruder, its stepper motor needs a minimum holding torque of 40Ncm (0.4Nm). More information can be found on the Stepper Motor page.
About any RepRap controller works for the Prusa i3. Required features: 4 stepper drivers, 1 thermistor input and 1 heater output for the extruder and optionally another thermistor/heater pair for the heated bed. Choosing the best one for your printer is mostly a matter of taste. For comparisons, see List of electronics, Comparison of Electronics and Alternative Electronics.
On November 12th, 2012 Josef Prusa (@josefprusa) tweeted a picture of his metal frame i3 with a custom dual extruder mounted.
Previous posts on Prusa's twitter feed reveal that Sound (Slic3r's Developer) inspired Prusa to attach a dual extruder.
- MK3 heating bed, aluminum plate thickness of 3 mm, uniform heating, fast, back has good heat preservation, high temperature can be heated to 120 degrees
For Sheet Style,
For Box Style,
- http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:104557,but I recommend using threaded rod and bearings with this thing, like this
- Montando la Prusa Mendel i3 (Spanish) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-31Zn7wY7jk
- Aluminium Body i3 (Spanish) Video montaje completo por capítulos (OverCraft3D)