RepRapPro Huxley extruder drive assembly

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Introduction | Frame assembly | Y axis assembly | X axis assembly | Z axis assembly | Heated bed assembly | Extruder drive assembly | Hot end assembly | Wiring | Commissioning | Printing | Maintenance | Troubleshooting | Improvements

A notice about these instructions!

These instructions are open to editing by everyone and anyone.
For the official, and most up to date, instructions, see the RepRapPro wiki here


By the end of this stage your extruder drive will be mounted on the back of your Huxley like this:


Step 1: Components

Item Quantity
Large internal gear (printed) 1
Small push-fit gear (printed) 1
Main block (printed) 1
Frame Clip (printed) 2
Tabbed Frame Clip (printed) 1
Flat motor spacer (printed) 1
M3 nuts 5
M3x35mm caps 2
M3x30mm caps 2
M3x20mm Hex Head 1
M3x20mm caps 1
M3x16mm caps 2
M3x12mm caps 1
M3 washers 8
3mm 623 bearings 10mm OD x 4mm thick 3
8mm M3 hobbed drive 1
NEMA 14 motor 1

Step 2: Assembly

Reprappro-multi-materials-extruder-drive-geared-shaft.jpg Reprappro-multi-materials-extruder-drive-geared-head.jpg

Start by assembling the geared filament drive.

Take the 20mm M3 hex screw and insert it into the large drive gear. Make sure the flats of the hex head are aligned with the hexagon of the recess. Put the 20mm M3 hex screw with the thread running all the way to the top through the nut then screw on the other parts. The order goes:

  1. Hex head
  2. Gear
  3. 623 bearing
  4. Hobbed insert

You will notice that the hobbing on the insert is not in its centre. Put the insert on so that the hobbing is away from the gear end and the conical chamfer is against the bearing. After putting the bearing on, but before the hobbed insert, place a small blob of superglue or threadlock on the screw threads, about 5mm from the bearing. Then screw on the hobbed insert.

Do the hobbed insert up tight with your fingers.


Next put a 623 bearing in the back of the drive block as shown. You may need to clean the hole a little. Use a 10mm drill bit twisted carefully in the hole by hand. While you are at it, clean the hole at the other side too.

Push the gear and hobbed insert assembly that you just made into the opposite side of the block to the one that you just put the bearing into. Check that the hobbing is centred where the filament will run by looking in the unoccupied idler bearing hole in the side of the drive block (poke a length of filament down the 2mm hole in the top of the block if you can't tell where this is).

Take the gear and hobbed insert assembly out of the block for the moment.


Mount the block on the motor as shown above using two 16mm M3 cap screws. Put the spacer between the block and the motor. The motor wires are at the back right in this picture.


Fit the idler bearing using the 12mm M3 cap screw as shown (the screw needs no nut to retain it).

Fit the small gear. You may find this easier if you use a sharp blade to put a slight chamfer on the underside of the gear where it meets the motor shaft.

Push the small gear onto the shaft such that its top is flush with the end of the shaft. You may need to tap it with a soft hammer or block of wood - take care, and support the back of the motor shaft as you do this, rather than the motor's body.

Push the gear and hobbed insert assembly into its hole in the block. Rotate the gear as you do this so that it meshes with the small gear on the motor.

Note that the gear and hobbed insert assembly is designed so that the action of driving the filament tends to tighten the hobbed insert on the M3 thread. It can also be easily removed for cleaning when there is no filament in the drive. But when it is operating the filament that it is driving retains it in place by lying in the slight dent formed by the hobbing.

Step 3: The Bowden tube

Don't confuse the PTFE tube (shown) with the shorter
translucent heatshrink also supplied with the kit.
Item Quantity
Tongue (printed) 1
slotted brass retainer 1
PTFE tube 1

Use a sharp blade to trim a few millimetres off the end of the tube at right angles to get a clean square end.

Screw the tube into the brass retainer. Look in the other end (a magnifying glass is useful) to see when it gets to the end of the internal thread, then stop. If you have trouble starting the threading, make a small cone on the end with a pencil sharpener. Don't cut too far - PTFE is very soft. The cone makes it easier to start the thread.

Screwing the tube in will have reduced its internal diameter slightly. Gently twist a 2mm drill by hand in the end of the brass to thin the tube where it is inside the screw thread. If you have a small hand-chuck this is made easier. The picture shows this being done for the other brass connector that you will install on the next page. The method is the same:


Push a short length of 1.75mm build filament down the tube from its free end to clear out any PTFE swarf, and to check the filament moves smoothly.

Push the brass retainer into the drive, and secure it with the printed tongue in the hole above. The thin end of the tongue goes towards the front in the picture at the top of this page, locking the brass retainer in place:

Idler Tensioning

In order to tension the idler mechanism, tighten the two M3 cap screws and nuts mentioned earlier until the point that the drive block has sufficiently flexed that no gap is visible.

Feed a length of filament through the drive by turning the big gear by hand. When you hold the gear still, it should not be possible to pull the filament back out of the drive by hand. If it slips, tighten the two nuts slightly.

Step 4: Fitting the drive

Hardware Quantity
M3x25mm screw 2
M3 washers 2

Attach the drive to the bracket on the machine.


Finally, take a pair of long-nosed pliers and use them gently to remove the tongue. Take out the PTFE tube and its brass fitting. You will need these separate for the next step...

Next step

Hot end assembly