Release status: experimental
It is named after Albrecht Kossel, German biochemist and pioneer in the study of genetics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1910 for his work in determining the chemical composition of nucleic acids, the genetic substance of biological cells.
There are several printers in the Kossel family.
- Spectra line instead of timing belt.
- 623 bearings running directly on vertical 15 x 15 mm aluminum extrusion like OpenBeam, 6 bearings per carriage.
- PG35L extruder directly on the end effector (moving platform).
- This design is deprecated but the source files are still available.
OpenBeam Kossel Pro
- Terence Tam's design for mass manufacturing.
- Successfully funded on Kickstarter.
- Stamped and injection molded parts instead of 3D printed.
- This is Johann's latest and stable version.
- The rest of this page describes the details of Mini Kossel.
- Zero backlash.
- Type: Delta printer
- Speed: 320 mm/s in all 3 directions.
- Resolution: 100 steps/mm in all 3 directions.
- Repeatability: better than 0.03 mm (30 micron)
- Build volume: cylindrical, 170mm diameter, 240mm height.
- Footprint: triangle, 300 mm width (240mm OpenBeam + printed corners).
- Frame height: 600 mm.
- Print surface: unheated round glass, doesn't move.
- Mass of end effector with hotend: less than 50 grams.
- Simplicity: fewer than 200 parts.
- Hardware cost: less than $600 USD.
- Fully automatic print surface level calibration (autoleveling).
- Frame height: 550 mm.
- Footprint: triangle, 270 mm width, 250 mm across (210mm 15 x 15 mm aluminum extrusion like OpenBeam + printed corners).
Bill of Materials
All files come from Johann's Kossel repo: https://github.com/jcrocholl/kossel
- 1x hotend_fan.stl which also serves to attach the hotend.
- 1x plate_1x.stl which includes the following parts:
- 3x plate_3x.stl which includes the following parts:
Recommended print settings:
- Layer height = 0.2 to 0.3 mm (around 60% of your nozzle size)
- Perimeters = 3
- Top/bottom solid layers = 3
- Infill density = 50%
Note, a PLA End effector may bend or warp if it is not cooled with a fan or insulated. The insulation can be as simple as a loose layer of tin foil to create air pockets between the tin foil and the part. An ABS end effector is less likely to bend. It can also help to insulate parts of the hot end with Kapton tape.
A kit with the printed parts is available on Builda3Ddprinter.eu
A full kit with all printed parts and vitamins is available from think3dprint3d
- 3x 600mm vertical OpenBeam from builda3dprinter.eu or OpenBeam.de or Misumi HFS3-1515
- 9x 240mm horizontal OpenBeam from builda3dprinter.eu or OpenBeam.de or Misumi HFS3-1515
- 1x 170mm round glass/borosilicate plate Trinity Labs or TriDPrinting.com or Makea3dfactory.comor builda3dprinter or Ultibots LLC or 3dprinteu.eu/shop (cheapest!)
- 100x M3x8mm stainless steel screws (frame and most connections)
- 100x M3 stainless steel nuts
- 100x M3 nyloc nuts
- 6x M3x20mm stainless steel screws (arm attachment to vertical carriage)
- 12x M3x25mm stainless steel screws (belt idlers and effector-rod attachments)
- 6x M3x35mm stainless steel screws (tensioners)
- 50x M3x6mm stainless steel screws (rail attachment to extrusions - 8mm is too long!)
- 12x M3x16mm stainless steel screws (push rod attachment)
- 6x M2.5x12mm screws (micro switches)
- 3x M2.5x16mm (automatic bed leveling probe)
A nuts, bolts and screws kit is available from builda3dprinter.
note: The 100 counts are exact, not box qty. If you desire spares, order more than 100.
- 3x 400mm hardened steel rail and carriages HIWIN MGN-12H
- 3x 1164mm GT2 belt closed loop with 2mm pitch and 6mm width
- 6x F623ZZ flanged bearings 3x10x4mm (or F684ZZ 4x9x4mm for printed parts before June 21st)
- 3x GT2 pulley with 16 teeth and 2mm pitch
- 3x Kysan NEMA17 stepper motor,TriDPrinting.comor builda3dprinter the one stop shop or UltiBots LLC.
Diagonal push rods
A pre-assembled rod kit is available from http://www.builda3dprinter.eu/product-category/parts/ Builda3dprinter has pre-cut 3K woven carbon rods]. Fully assembled carbon rod kit is available at 3dprinteu.eu/shop
- 1x J-Head Hotend 0.5mm for 1.75mm filament
- 1x Clear PFA tubing ID=2mm OD=4mm
- 2x Push fit connector ID=4mm with M5 thread (or bigger thread before June 21st).
- 1x NEMA-17 motor with an integrated Planetary gearbox with a 5 2/11 :1 ratio.(http://robot-italy.com, Nema17 for europe (http://www.phidgets.com/products.php?product_id=3317 in US).
- 1x Spur Gear, 22 Tooth, 12mm od, 8mm id - #S10T05M022S0508 from SDP-SIor Builda3dprinter.eu
- 3x M3-0.5x25 Cap Screw
- 3x M3 Washer
- 1x 625 ball bearing (5x16x5)
- 1x M5-0.8x20 Cap Screw
- 1x M5 Washer
- 1x M5-0.8 Hex Nut (Nylock optional)
- 1x M3-0.5x16 Cap Screw
- 1x M3 Washer
- 1x M3-0.5 Hex Nut, Nylock
Automatic bed leveling probe
- 1x Micro switch (same as for endstops above)
- 1x Bondhus 1.5mm allen wrench
- 1x Safety pin with 2.5mm loop
- 2x Ball point pen spring
- 1x Euro-style terminal block connector
- 1x Heat shrink tubing ID=2mm
This is not a comprehensive list, but should give you an idea of what tools may be required. Review all build manuals/videos to ensure you have all necessary tools.
- 1x metric caliper
- 1x M4 Tap Drill bit
- 1x M5 Tap Drill bit
- 1x 1.5 mm allen wrench
- 1x slow-set epoxy
Step By Step Instructions
Detailed build manual with pictures for every step is available here:
For step by step instructions see the following website:
Instructions for Kossel Mini kits from Blomker Industries
X_MAX, Y_MAX, Z_MAX top endstops: NC (Normally Connected). M119 for these should show:
- TRIGGERED when the carriage touches the endstop.
- open during normal operation.
Z_MIN autolevel probe: NO (Normally Open). M119 for Z_MIN should show:
- TRIGGERED when the autolevel probe is retracted (up).
- open when the autolevel probe is deployed (down).
- TRIGGERED when the autolevel probe touches the print surface.
Make sure that M119 does NOT show X_MIN or Y_MIN, if it does you must change them to -1 in Marlin/pins.h.
Although the parts list suggests that a small allen wrench be used, in reality, a short piece of wire might work slightly better since it can rotate more easily.
Viki LCD with Azteeg X3
Connect Viki J2 to Azteeg EXP3 port like this:
- +5V to +5V (red)
- GND to GND (black)
- SDA to SDA (blue)
- SCL to SCL (green)
- ENC_A to D22 (white)
- ENC_B to D7 (yellow)
Connect Viki J3 to Azteeg ICSP port like this:
- CS to CHIP SELECT (D53) (red)
- BTN to D32 on EXP2 (optional) (black)
- DI to MOSI (blue)
- CLK to SCK (green)
- DO to MISO (white)
- CD to CARD DETECT (D49)(yellow)
CS (D53) and CD (D49) are directly next to the ICSP port, slightly under the expansion shield, but the connectors still work fine if you push them in slightly angled.
BTN is for the pause/stop/resume LCD button (kill switch). We recommend not connecting it and using a power switch for emergency stop instead. If you do want to use it, it should be connected to the Arduino BTN_ENC pin. Otherwise set BTN_ENC to -1 if not used.
This uses the LiquidTWI2 library v1.2.3 or later. Copy the LiquidTWI2 directory into the Arduino libraries subdirectory (something like /Applications/Arduino.app/Contents/Resources/Java/libraries/LiquidTWI2, just next to the existing LiquidCrystal folder). If you end up with a directory named "LiquidTWI2-master" then remove the "-master" part. We tested this successfully with Johann's latest Marlin version (as of 2014-03-21) and Arduino 1.0.5.
In Marlin/Configuration.h uncomment or adjust the following lines:
- #define MOTHERBOARD 33 // Azteeg X3
- #define LCD_I2C_VIKI
In Marlin/pins.h under MOTHERBOARD == 33 adjust the following lines:
- #define SDSS 53
- #define SDCARDDETECT 49
- #define BTN_EN1 22
- #define BTN_EN2 7
- #define BTN_ENC 31
Disconnect solder jumper JP12 at bottom of Azteeg X3 to disable onboard SD slot and use pins for external SD reader (Viki LCD SD slot).
- detailed documentation on Kossel mini assembly
- Step by Step manual to build a Kossel mini
- Project blog on Tumblr
- The one stop Shop for your own Kossel Mini
- Calibrating a delta printer manually
- Calibration video using Repetier firmware
- Pictures on Flickr
- Mailing list for questions and answers
- OpenSCAD source files on GitHub for printed plastic parts.
- Modified Marlin firmware on GitHub for delta geometry on Arduino.
- Assembly Guide for Blomker Industries Kossel Mini Kit
- Frame size calculator spreadsheet.
- Online forum for delta printers with vast resources.
- A prototype heatbed design for the Mini Kossel.
- How to build a Kossel in china《搭建kossel3d打印机》
- UltiBots Mini Kossel V-Slot Kit