Temperature Sensor v1.1

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This page describes something which is no longer the most recent version. For the replacement version see: Temperature Sensor 2 0

Temperature Sensor v1.1


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This board allows you to use a thermistor to measure the temperature of something. It is designed to be used to measure things in the range of 100C - 300C, but with the proper calibration and resistors, it can be adapted to any temperature range you need (under 300C). If you need something that can measure temperatures above 300C, you should look into the Thermocouple Sensor.

Get It!

Full Kit

Raw Components


You can download the electronics files from Sourceforge.

This file contains the following:

  • GERBER files for getting it manufactured
  • PDF files of the schematic, copper layers, and silkscreen
  • Eagle source files for modification
  • 3D rendered image as well as POVRay scene file
  • exerciser code to test your board.


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Pin Function
+5 This is the pin to supply +5 volts on.
S This is the signal pin. It will output a voltage between 0 and 5 volts that correlates with the temperature.
G This is the ground pin.

Signal Values

The thermistor circuit is a voltage divider that can be read with an ADC such as the one on an Arduino board. That value can then be run through a formula to get the temperature in degrees. This circuit has been documented in full detail in a blog entry by nophead.

Thermistor Values

You can use a variety of thermistors with your temperature sensor.

Read more on them here.

Build It

Board Bugs

  • No bugs yet, please report any you find to the forums.

Printed Circuit Board

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You can either buy this PCB from the RepRap Research Foundation, or you can make your own. The image above shows the professionally manufactured PCB ready for soldering. Its also really cheap since it is so small!


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<iframe src="http://parts.reprap.org/embed/module/Temperature+Sensor+v1.1" width="600" height="350" frameborder="0">Visit http://parts.reprap.org/embed/module/Temperature+Sensor+v1.1</iframe>

Soldering Instructions


R1 is an optional resistor for advanced applications that need the parallel resistor. For example if you wanted to use a 10K thermistor, etc. The vast majority of people will leave it empty.

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The value of R2 will depend on your thermistor. If you use the RRRF kit, it will be 4.7K ohms.

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Screw Terminal

Make sure you insert the connector correctly: with the opening facing the outside of the board.

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Electrolytic capacitors have a polarity. Make sure the stripe on yours matches the one in the picture.

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Insert the headers and solder them. If they face at an angle away from the board, that will help in attaching connectors to it later.

Test It

Now that you have your temperature sensor built, you'll want to test it.

Wire it up!

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The wiring is very simple:

  1. Wire 5 to +5v on the Arduino
  2. G to GND on the Arduino
  3. S to Analog 0 on the Arduino

you're done!

If you have an IDC connector laying around, its even easier! Just plug it into the connectors!

Upload firmware to Arduino

Create a new sketch and copy/paste the code below into it. Upload it to your Arduino.

The code below is for the standard EPCOS 100K thermistor that comes from Mouser. If you use a different thermistor, or are using different resistors in the board, we have a python script that you can run to generate new values in the lookup table, or you can grab a pre-calculated table from the thermistor page.


// Thermistor lookup table for RepRap Temperature Sensor Boards (http://make.rrrf.org/ts)
// Made with createTemperatureLookup.py (http://svn.reprap.org/trunk/reprap/firmware/Arduino/utilities/createTemperatureLookup.py)
// ./createTemperatureLookup.py --r0=100000 --t0=25 --r1=0 --r2=4700 --beta=4066 --max-adc=1023
// r0: 100000
// t0: 25
// r1: 0
// r2: 4700
// beta: 4066
// max adc: 1023
#define NUMTEMPS 20
short temptable[NUMTEMPS][2] = {
   {1, 841},
   {54, 255},
   {107, 209},
   {160, 184},
   {213, 166},
   {266, 153},
   {319, 142},
   {372, 132},
   {425, 124},
   {478, 116},
   {531, 108},
   {584, 101},
   {637, 93},
   {690, 86},
   {743, 78},
   {796, 70},
   {849, 61},
   {902, 50},
   {955, 34},
   {1008, 3}

void setup()
   Serial.println("Starting temperature exerciser.");

void loop()
   int rawvalue = analogRead(THERMISTOR_PIN);
   int celsius = read_temp();
   int fahrenheit = (((celsius * 9) / 5) + 32);

   Serial.print("Current temp: ");
   Serial.print("C / ");
   Serial.print("Raw value: ");
   Serial.println(" ");


int read_temp()
   int rawtemp = analogRead(THERMISTOR_PIN);
   int current_celsius = 0;

   byte i;
   for (i=1; i<NUMTEMPS; i++)
      if (temptable[i][0] > rawtemp)
         int realtemp  = temptable[i-1][1] + (rawtemp - temptable[i-1][0]) * (temptable[i][1] - temptable[i-1][1]) / (temptable[i][0] - temptable[i-1][0]);

         if (realtemp > 255)
            realtemp = 255;

         current_celsius = realtemp;


   // Overflow: We just clamp to 0 degrees celsius
   if (i == NUMTEMPS)
   current_celsius = 0;

   return current_celsius;

Try it out

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Start up your Arduino, and open the serial monitor. The exerciser code reads the thermistor every 2 seconds and outputs the current value of the thermistor, as well as the estimated temp. The thermistor code is only accurate at higher temperatures, so get some sort of heat going. I recommend a heat gun, but a lighter will also work in a pinch. Heat it up, and watch the terminal. The most important thing to check is that it is actually changing with temperature and is relatively accurate.

If so, then you've successfully built your temperature sensor. Congratulations!


Previous Boards


  • Removed component values from silkscreen to reflect fact that they may change based on thermistor.
  • Changed to screw terminal for easy thermistor connection.